Indian festival – Bhaiya dooj

Bhai Dooj (भाई दूज) / Bhau-Beej / Bhai Tika / Bhai Phonta (ভাইফোঁটা) is a festival celebrated by Hindus of the Indian subcontinent, notably India and Nepal, on the second lunar day of Shukla Paksha (bright fortnight) in the Vikram Samvat Hindu calendar or of Shalivahan Shaka calendar month of Kartika. It is celebrated during the Diwali or Tihar festival and Holi festival.

Bhai Dooj / Bhau-Beej / Bhai Tika / Bhai Phonta是印度次大陸的印度教徒(主要是印度和尼泊爾)在Vikram邦Samvat印度教曆或Shalivahan Shaka曆Kartika月的Shukla Paksha(光明雙週)第二個農曆日慶祝。它是在排燈節或Tihar節和Holi 節期間慶祝的。



The celebrations of this day are similar to the festival of Raksha Bandhan. On this day, brothers give gifts to their sisters.

In the southern part of the country, the day is celebrated as Yama Dwitiya.In the kayastha community, two Bhai doojs are celebrated. The more famous one comes on the second day after Diwali. But the lesser known one is celebrated a day or two after Holi.

It is widely celebrated by Awadhis in Uttar Pradesh, Maithils in Bihar as Bhardutiya and people from various other ethnic groups. The first day of this New Year is observed as Govardhan Pūja.

According to a popular legend in Hindu mythology, after slaying the evil demon Narakasura, Lord Krishna visited his sister Subhadra who gave him a warm welcome with sweets and flowers. She also affectionately applied tilaka on Krishna's forehead. Some believe this to be the origin of the festival.

這天的慶祝活動類似於Raksha Bandhan節日。 在這天,兄弟送禮物給他們的姐妹。

在國家南部,這一天也做為Yama Dwitiya慶祝。在kayastha社群則慶祝兩次Bhai doojs。 比較著名的是排燈節之後的第二天。但是鮮為人知的慶祝活動是在Holi節過後的一兩天。

它被廣泛地被北方邦的阿瓦迪斯(Awadhis),比哈爾邦(Bihar)的瑪伊蒂爾斯(Maithils),比哈迪亞(Bhardutiya)和其他種族的人們慶祝。新年的第一天被稱為GovardhanPūja。

根據印度神話中的一個熱門傳說,Krishna勳爵在殺死了邪惡的惡魔Narakasura之後,拜訪了他的姐姐Subhadra,後者帶著甜品和鮮花熱情地歡迎著他。 她還親切地在Krishna的額頭點上tilaka(硃砂)。 有些人深信這便是節日的起源。



The Ceremony

On the day of the festival, sisters invite their brothers for a sumptuous meal often including their favorite dishes/sweets. The procedure may be different in Bihar and central India. The whole ceremony signifies the duty of a brother to protect his sister, as well as a sister's blessings for her brother.

Carrying forward the ceremony in traditional style, sisters perform aarti for their brother and apply a red tika on the brother's forehead. This tika ceremony on the occasion of Bhai Bij signifies the sister's sincerest prayers for the long and happy life of her brother and treat them with gifts. In return, brothers bless their sisters and may treat them also with gifts or cash.

慶典

在節日當天,姐妹們邀請他們的兄弟們享用豐盛的餐點,通常包括他們最喜歡的菜餚/甜點。 在Bihar邦和印度中部程序可能有所不同。 整個慶典象徵著一個兄弟有義務保護他的姊妹,以及一個姊妹對她兄弟的祝福。

按照傳統作風進行慶典,姐妹們為哥哥施行aarti(印度傳統儀式),並在哥哥的額頭上塗上紅色硃砂。 在Bhai Bij之際舉行的這個tika儀式象徵著姊妹為兄弟的長壽和幸福生活所作的最誠懇的祈禱,並且以禮相待。 作為回報,兄弟們祝福他們的姐妹,也可能以禮物或禮金相待。



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