Indian festival - Govardhan Pooja

Goverdhan Puja as it is also known, is a Hindu festival in which devotees prepare and offer a large variety of vegetarian food to Bhagwan (God) Shri Krishna as a mark of gratitude. For Vaishnavas, this day commemorates the incident in the Bhagavata Puran when Bhagwan Shri Krishna lifted the Govardhan Hill to provide the villagers of Vrindavan shelter from torrential rains. The incident is seen to represent how God will protect all devotees who take singular refuge in him. Devotees offer a mountain of food, metaphorically representing the Govardhan Hill, to God as a ritual remembrance and to renew their faith in taking refuge in God. The festival is observed by most of Hindu denominations all over India and abroad. For Vaishnavas this is one of the important festivals. For the Vallabh Sampradaya (Pushtimarg), the Gaudiya Sampradaya of Chaitanya, and the Swaminarayan Sampradaya etc among others. The Annakut festival occurs on the first lunar day of Shukla Paksha (bright fortnight) in the Hindu calendar month of Kartik, which is the fourth day of Deepawali (Diwali), the Hindu festival of lights, and also the first day of the Vikram Samvat calendar.

眾所周知,Goverdhan Puja為印度教節日,奉獻者準備並向Bhagwan(神)Shri Krishna提供各種各樣的素食,代表感謝。對於毗濕奴派(印度教分支)來說,這一天是為了紀念Bhagavata Puran事件,當時Bhagwan Shri Krishna抬起了Govardhan山脈,為Vrindavan村民提供庇護所,以免暴雨。該事件被視為上帝將如何保護所有在他身旁避難奉獻者的代表。奉獻者向神奉獻了堆疊成山的食物,用來比喻Govardhan山脈,以此作為儀式紀念,並重申了他們對神之庇護的信念。整個印度和國外大多數印度教派都參加這個節日。對於Vaishnavas來說,這是重要的節日之一。還有Vallabh Sampradaya(Pushtimarg)、Chaitanya的Gaudiya Sampradaya和Swaminarayan Sampradaya等(以上皆為教派)。Annakut節發生在印度教歷Kartik月份的Shukla Paksha(光明雙週)農曆初一,這是印度光明節Deepawali(排燈節)的第四天,也是Vikram Samvat曆的第一天。

Govardhan has since become a major pilgrimage site in Braj for devotees of Krishna. On the day of Annakut, devotees circumambulate the hill and offer food to the mountain—one of the oldest rituals in Braj. The circumambulation consists of an eleven-mile trek dotted along the way with several shrines, before which devotees place flowers and other offerings.

Govardhan後來成為Braj的Krishna朝聖者的主要朝聖地。 在Annakut這天,奉獻者在山上繞行,並向山脈提供食物-這是Braj最古老的儀式之一。 環行過程包括長11英里的跋涉,途中散佈著幾處聖所,奉獻者會在它們前面擺放鮮花和其他供品。

Families create an image of Giriraj Govardhan (the mountain) from cow dung, adorning it with miniature cow figures as well as grass as twigs, representing trees and greenery. In the days leading up to Annakut, fifty-six food items (chappan bhog) are typically prepared and offered in the evening. Someone from a cow-herding caste officiates the ritual, circling the hill with a cow and a bull, followed by families in the village. They partake in the sanctified food after offering the food to the hill. The festival often draws a large crowd, including the Chaube brahmins of Mathura.

家庭用牛糞中製作Giriraj Govardhan(高山)的意象,並用微型的牛偶以及像樹枝一般的草來裝飾它,代表樹木和綠色植物。在進行Annakut的那幾天,通常會在傍晚準備並提供56種食品(chappan bhog)。 來自牧牛種姓的人主持這一儀式,帶著一頭母牛和一頭公牛在山上環繞,隨後是村里的家族們。 他們將食物進貢給山上後,便分享加持後的食物。 節慶經常吸引很多人,包括Mathura(地區)的Chaube婆羅門(印度教祭司貴族)。

Rituals Of Annakut

Annakut is celebrated on the fourth day of Diwali. The fourth day of Diwali is also the first day of the new year in the Vikram Samvat calendar. Therefore, the rituals surrounding Annakut are closely linked with the rituals of the five days of Diwali. While the first three days of Diwali are days of prayer to sanctify wealth and invite greater wealth into the devotee’s life, the annakut day is a day of offering gratitude for Krishna beneficence.


Annakut是排燈節的第四天。排燈節的第四天也是Vikram Samvat日曆中新年的第一天。 因此,圍繞Annakut的儀式與排燈節五天的儀式密切相關。排燈節的前三天是祈禱財富加持的日子,並為奉獻者的生活增添更多的財富,而annakut則是對Krishna仁慈的感恩之日。

Goverdhan Puja

Govardhan Puja is a principal ritual performed during Annakut. Although some texts treat Govardhan Puja and Annakut as synonymous, the Govardhan Puja is one segment of the day-long Annakut festival.

There are many variants of how Govardhan Puja is performed. One ritual is performed in which a god is (Lord Krishna)makes from cow dung in horizontal position.After, completing the structure it is decorated by earthern lamps(deepak or diya),the seenkh(a material which is same as the broom's chaff),candles and after worshiping,the structure of lord is fed by the bhaktas or worshipers and the ladies do fasts Prayers are also made to Lord Govardhan.

As described in the Bhagavata Purana , Govardhan Puja is chiefly identified with Krishna lifting the Govardhan Hill on his finger to protect those who sought his refuge from Indra’s torrential rage.

Goverdhan Puja

Govardhan Puja是在Annakut之中執行的一項主要儀式。儘管有些文本將Govardhan Puja和Annakut視為同義詞,但Govardhan Puja是為整天Annakut的一部分。

Govardhan Puja的執行方式有很多變體。 一種儀式是在平地用牛糞做成一個神(Krishna勳爵)。結構完成後,用地燈(deepak或diya)、seekh(一種與掃帚糠相同的材料) 、蠟燭裝飾,祭拜後,勳爵的結構由奉愛者或信徒供養,而女士們也向Govardhan勳爵齋戒祈禱。

正如《博伽梵歌》(Bhagavata Purana)中所描述,Govardhan Puja多半被認證為Krishna用手指抬起Govardhan山脈,以保護那些因Indra(印度教神明因陀羅,又稱帝釋天)的狂暴而尋求庇護的人。


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