Indian cuisine is diverse and varies from region to region, so the ingredients used in Indian cooking can vary widely as well. However, here are some common ingredients used in Indian cuisine:
Spices: Indian cuisine is known for its use of spices, which add flavor, aroma, and color to dishes. Some common spices used in Indian cooking include cumin, coriander, turmeric, cinnamon, cardamom, cloves, and black pepper.
Herbs: Fresh herbs are used in many Indian dishes to add flavor and freshness. Some common herbs used in Indian cooking include cilantro, mint, curry leaves, and fenugreek leaves.
Lentils and beans: Lentils and beans are an important source of protein in Indian cuisine. Some common lentils used in Indian cooking include mung beans, chickpeas, and black lentils.
Vegetables: A wide variety of vegetables are used in Indian cuisine, including eggplant, okra, spinach, potatoes, cauliflower, and tomatoes.
Rice and grains: Rice is a staple in many Indian dishes, and other grains such as wheat, millet, and barley are also used.
Dairy: Dairy products such as ghee (clarified butter), yogurt, and paneer (cottage cheese) are commonly used in Indian cooking.
Sweeteners: Jaggery (unrefined cane sugar), honey, and sugar are commonly used as sweeteners in Indian cuisine.
Nuts and seeds: Nuts and seeds such as almonds, cashews, and sesame seeds are often used to add texture and flavor to dishes.
Oils: Oils such as mustard oil, coconut oil, and vegetable oil are commonly used in Indian cooking.
Vinegar and tamarind: These souring agents are used in some Indian dishes to add a tangy flavor.